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Microsoft PowerPoint - Industrial Food Production

Microsoft PowerPoint - Industrial Food Production -...

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Unformatted text preview: Industrial Food Production Anth2430 Anth2430 Instructor :Rumel Halder June 15, 2009. Industrial Food Production Industrial Increasing population demands an increase in food production through intensification, specialization, mechanization and centralization mechanization Industrial Revolution, states, technology, profit and markets have been key movers. movers. More on management and maintenance What are the key differences between peasant mode of production and industrial food production system? industrial Mechanization Mechanization Replacement of human and animal labor by mechanical devices. by That allowed humans to increase the amount of product derived form one unit of land and labor of Steel Plows, threshers, reapers, … hydraulic pumps, steam engine, diesel hydraulic internal combustion engines, and robots internal Intensification Intensification Developing new crops and strains Developing Green Revolutions : seeds, fertilizers and water revolutions, super rice, golden rice, miracle crops miracle Genetically modified crops (GM): the gene that is modified is taken directly from another species, often entirely unrelated. species, Controversy : health hazard GM organisms may spread into wild variants, changing their resistance to disease, need for nutrients or climatic tolerances nutrients May cause serious negative impact May Blue Revolution Blue The Aquaculture is generally referred to as the Blue Revolution. Blue It creates major source of low cost protein as well as huge amount of pollution and waste well threatening wildlife Each kilo of most farmed fish requires several kilos of wild fish to feed them as fish meal kilos Specialization Specialization Tasks are broken down into simple components components Assembly line Division of labor Division Specialized location: industrial and agricultural districts districts Rice, wheat, and maize (corn) specialized crops crops Production of cash crops with the investment of capital capital Specialization2 Specialization2 Reliance on cash crops increases the risk of failure failure Became industrial product Became Not only volatile in price but inedible Not One varieties can replace thousand verities of crops crops Social relation of production has been changed – household is no longer the center of household production and consumption production Demographic Transition Demographic Due to Industrialization human populations have increased more rapidly than ever before have The Population increases rapidly and persistently before the growth rate finally levels off. off. Massive migration- differentiation between Massive differentiation classes, multiculturalism, more ethnic groups are visible are The rich make money and the poor make babies. babies. Centralization Centralization Resource/land controlled and managed by the state, multinational corporations. by For good management, irrigation, sharing cost, and make good profit cost, Controlling local peasants and their production Global Migration Global Within the nation due to loosing land for not able to adapt with mechanization of agriculture agriculture International migration : Mexican labors in America ( guest workers) in Multiple ethnic communities: Yankees and Yomans Yomans Problems of Intensification and Centralization Dams: key technology to control water for agricultural production agricultural Irrigation Irrigation Build, controlled and managed by the state, multinationals and centralized bodies multinationals Ignored local population, ecosystem, and resources resources Nucleation, inequality, Dams Dams Indian leader Nehru famously said, “ Dams are the temples of modern India”. Arundhati Roy: She links nuclear bombs Arundhati Roy: and dams are both weapons of mass destruction ( Bates 2005:183) destruction Why? Why? Big dams are obsolete, undemocratic, controlled by the government controlled A brazen means of taking water, land and irrigation from the poor and gifting it to the rich irrigation Caused huge population displacement and forced migration forced Caused water loggings of soil, flood, salinity, massive water waste ( Roy 1999: 14 in Bates 2005) 2005) What do you think? What ...
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