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Microsoft PowerPoint - Ecology and anthropology

Microsoft PowerPoint - Ecology and anthropology - Why...

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Why should anthropology study Ecology? Anth2430
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Cultures and social systems support Ecological adaptation square6 Humans are integral part of exploited ecosystem, and subject to the same rules and laws of natural ecosystems square6 Ignoring anatomical facts and creating division between organism and environment is problematic square6 Culture and biological adaptation are overleaping and connected each other. square6 Culture appears as biological adaptation with non – genetic modes of transmission, which greatly supplements somatic evolution (Alland.A. 1967:187)
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Culture and Adaptation square6 We must remember that non biological means – organization, division of labor, social customs, etc.., - still serve biological purposes ( urban life and diseases) square6 Etiology of the disease : Fore People eat the brains of their victims square6 Residence pattern, and women and children’s greater access to undercooked food….. square6 Postpartum sexual taboos on mothers
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Important concepts and definitions square6 Ecology : the study of the relationship of plants and animals to their physical and biological environment. square6 Physical environment: heat, light, solar radiation, oxygen, carbon dioxide, soil, water…. square6 Biological: organisms of the same kind as well as others…..
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Ecosystem square6 A system is a collection of interdependent parts that function as a unit and involve inputs and outputs.
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