Microsoft PowerPoint - Ecology and anthropology

Microsoft PowerPoint - Ecology and anthropology - Why...

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Why should anthropology study Ecology? Anth2430
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Cultures and social systems support Ecological adaptation s Humans are integral part of exploited ecosystem, and subject to the same rules and laws of natural ecosystems s Ignoring anatomical facts and creating division between organism and environment is problematic s Culture and biological adaptation are overleaping and connected each other. s Culture appears as biological adaptation with non – genetic modes of transmission, which greatly supplements somatic evolution (Alland.A. 1967:187)
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Culture and Adaptation s We must remember that non biological means – organization, division of labor, social customs, etc. ., - still serve biological purposes ( urban life and diseases) s Etiology of the disease : Fore People eat the brains of their victims s Residence pattern, and women and children’s greater access to undercooked food…. . s Postpartum sexual taboos on mothers
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Important concepts and definitions s Ecology : the study of the relationship of plants and animals to their physical and biological environment. s Physical environment: heat, light, solar radiation, oxygen, carbon dioxide, soil, water…. s Biological: organisms of the same kind as well as others…. .
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s A system is a collection of interdependent parts that function as a unit and involve inputs and outputs. There are three parts:
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Microsoft PowerPoint - Ecology and anthropology - Why...

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