Microsoft PowerPoint - Capitalism, Industrialization, and Ecology

Microsoft PowerPoint - Capitalism, Industrialization, and Ecology

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Capitalism, Industrialization, and Ecology May 27, 2009.
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Humankind progress socialism Capitalism Slavery and feudalism Primitive communalism
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Characteristics: The basic premise of capitalism is growth. Maximization of individual’s self interest through the market Everything can be brought and sold in the market Consumption drive the system Fee market and free wage of labor
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Capitalism According to Marx: Mode of Production Means of Production Social relations of production
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Super structure: religion, laws, ideology Infrastructure : forces And relationship of production
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Ecologists: Universal Structure Ecological analysis Superstructure: norms values and ideas Structure: family, social organizations Infrastructures: Mode of production, technology
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Universal pattern If a society fails to maintain a balanced relations between human and ecosystems either the society will change its inner mechanisms with new structures or extinct. (Harris) Infrastructure _ structure _ super structure
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Hydraulic Ecology Hydraulic societies: The ecology of the hydraulic societies and human interactions with it could not allow those populations to change of the political structures and remained as closed societies under despotism. Water sources and production patterns allowed more concentrated population and political structure
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According to Wittfogel “the scattered operations of rainfall farming did not involve the establishment of nation patterns of cooperation as did hydraulic agriculture (Wittfogal in Harris 1977:169)”. No systematic tax system in Europe
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Microsoft PowerPoint - Capitalism, Industrialization, and Ecology

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