South to North. At the end of 1956, Lê Du n ẩ was appointed acting party boss and began sending aid to the Vietcong insurgency in South Vietnam. The so called Hochiminh Trail was built in 1959 to allow aid to be sent to the Vietcong through Laos and Cambodia, thus escalating the war. Du n was named ẩ permanent party boss in 1960, leaving H a figurehead president and symbol of Vietnamese ồ Communism. In 1963, H corresponded with South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem in the hope of ồ achieving a negotiated peace. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution-1964- It provided authorization for an air war against North Vietnam after U.S. destroyers were allegedly attacked by North Vietnamese torpedoes. Johnson invoked it as authority for expanding the war. Tonkin Gulf Resolution is of historical significance because it gave U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson authorization, without a formal declaration of war by Congress, for the use of military
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