Ch 3 Carbon Atoms and Molecules Rutgers bio 101 pg 2

Ch 3 Carbon Atoms and Molecules Rutgers bio 101 pg 2 -...

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Polymers 20 monomers called amino acids can be linked to end in countless ways to form polymers known as proteins. Hydrolysis reactions degrade polymers to their component monomers. Monomers are covalently linked by condensation reactions. The equivalent of a molecule of war is removed during the reactions that combine monomers. Carbohydrates Sugars, starches, and cellulose are carbohydrates. They contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms in a ratio of approx. one carbon to two
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Unformatted text preview: hydrogens to one oxygen. They contain one sugar unit [monosaccharides], two sugar units [disaccharides], or many sugar units [polysaccharides]. Monosaccharides They typically contain from three to seven carbon atoms. The hydroxyl group is bonde to each carbon except one; that carbon is double-bonded to an oxygen atom, forming a carbonyl group....
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Ch 3 Carbon Atoms and Molecules Rutgers bio 101 pg 2 -...

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