COMM Midterm Study Guide - Communication in Everyday Life Midterm Exam Study Guide Here is a list of some topics that may be on the exam Make sure

COMM Midterm Study Guide - Communication in Everyday...

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Communication in Everyday Life Midterm Exam Study Guide Here is a list of some topics that may be on the exam. Make sure to review both the reading and the notes. The exam is on Chapters 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8. Chapter 1. An Overview of Communication Relational perspective Communication and relationships are interconnected; relationships influence what is communicated, how it is communicated and the meanings assigned to that communication Communication is symbolic Verbal and nonverbal, characterized by the use of symbols, different connotations o Signs A consequence or an indicator of something specific and cannot be changed by arbitrary action o Symbols A thing that has no causal connection between C.H.A.I.R. and the object we call a “chair” Communication requires meaning Symbols should convey meaning o Meaning Meanings evolve, meanings may undergo changes o Social construction of meaning Meanings acceptable with use over time Social and relational use of symbols o Context Physical, relational, situational context o Medium Medium affects meaning of communication; types of media; face to face, letter, phone, online Communication is cultural Cultural influences communication Communication creates and reinforces cultural influences Cultural expectations are also reinforced when someone violates them and is reprimanded Communication is relational Communications and relationships are intertwined Communication contains both a content (message) level and relational level Context determines relational connections Relationships create world of meanings Communication involves frames o Frame Basic forms of knowledge that provide a definition of a scenario because: people agree on the nature of a situation and/or cultural assumptions built into the interaction o Communication frame Boundaries around the conversation that pulls one’s attention toward certain things and away from others Communication is both presentational and representational o Representational vs. Presentational Representational: describing facts or conveying information Presentational: Presenting your particular version of the facts or events
Communication is a transaction o Action vs. Interaction vs. Transaction Action: sender sends message to receiver Interaction: Send and receive messages between both person 1 & 2: messages are exchanged Transaction: Messages are exchanged, possibly simultaneously, results in development of meaning and the creation of something new o Constitutive approach to communication Creating/bringing into existence something that wasn’t there before Relationships, cultures, genders, ethnicities, sexualities, even realities Chapter 3. Identities, Perceptions, and Communication The Onion Model of identity and Core Selves o Why is the onion model erroneous? (wrong) Onion model states that people possess core selves that reveal themselves overtime and it is through self-disclosure, one central unchanging self; versus our model which believes that we do

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