inbound208696635.pdf - Summary of Hinduism Beliefs Meaning of name Hinduism from the Persian hindu(Sanskrit sindhu literally\"river Means\"of the Indus

inbound208696635.pdf - Summary of Hinduism Beliefs Meaning...

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Summary of Hinduism Beliefs Meaning of name Hinduism, from the Persian hindu (Sanskrit sindhu ), literally "river." Means "of the Indus Valley" or simply "Indian." Hindus call their religion sanatama dharma, "eternal religion" or "eternal truth." Date/Place Founded & Founder Dates to 1500 BC or earlier / India / Founder: None Adherents 900 million (third largest in the world) Main Location India, also United Kingdom and United States Major Sects Saivism, Vaisnavism, Saktism Sacred Texts Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, Bhagavad Gita Original Language Sanskrit Spiritual Leader Guru or sage Place of Worship Temple or home shrine Theism Pantheism with polytheistic elements Ultimate Reality Brahman Human Nature In bondage to ignorance and illusion, but able to escape Purpose of Life To attain liberation (moksa) from the cycle of reincarnation How to Live Order life according to the dharma Afterlife If karma unresolved, soul is born into a new body; if karma resolved, attain moksa (liberation) Major Holidays Mahashivarati (mid-February) Holi (Spring) Ramnavami (late March) Dusserah (early November) Diwali (mid-November) Three Paths karmamarga - path of works and action jnanamarga - path of knowledge or philosophy bhaktimarga - path of devotion to God Three Debts debt to God debt to sages and saints debt to ancestors Four Stages of Life brahmacharga - school years - grow and learn grhastha - marriage, family and career vanaprastha - turn attention to spiritual things sanrgasu - abandon world to seek spiritual things Four Purposes of Life dharma - fulfill moral, social and religious duties artha - attain financial and worldy success kama - satisfy desires and drives in moderation moksha - attain freedom from reincarnation Seven Sacred Cities Ayodhya, Mathura, Gaya (Bodhgaya), Kasi (Varanasi, Benares), Kanci, Avantika (Ujjain), Dvaraka Ten Commandments 1. Ahimsa - do no harm 2. Satya - do not lie 3. Asteya - do not steal 4. Brahmacharya - do not overindulge 5. Aparigraha - do not be greedy 6. Saucha - be clean 7. Santosha - be content 8. Tapas - be self-disciplined 9. Svadhyaya - study 10. Ishvara Pranidhana - surrender to God __________________________________________________________________________________________ Hinduism embraces a great diversity of beliefs , a fact that can be initially confusing to westerners accustomed to creeds, confessions, and carefully-worded belief statements. One can believe a wide variety of things about God, the universe and the path to liberation and still be considered a Hindu. This attitude towards religious belief has made Hinduism one of the more open-minded religions when it comes to evaluating other faiths. Probably the most well-known Hindu saying about religion is: “Truth is one; sages call it by dif- ferent names.” However, there are some beliefs common to nearly all forms of Hinduism that can be identified, and these basic beliefs are generally regarded as boundaries outside of which lies either heresy or non-Hindu religion. These fundamental Hindu beliefs include: the authority of the Vedas (the oldest Indian sacred texts) and the Brahmans (priests); the existence of an enduring soul that transmigrates from one body to
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