8ReviewTest - US History II Review Test 8 Jeffersonianism...

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1 US History II Review Test 8 Jeffersonianism & the Era of Good Feelings, 1801 – 1823 1. Which of the following describes American political consciousness at the opening of the nineteenth century? [A] Most ordinary Americans were interested mainly in local issues and only occasionally in national issues. [B] Americans were primarily concerned with foreign affairs, because they viewed the new republic as vulnerable to attack. [C] Ordinary Americans longed for the pomp and ceremony of European politics. [D] Who would be the next president was always the chief topic of conversation at pubs and taverns. [E] Americans were more concerned with international than national affairs, because they viewed the new republic as vulnerable to attack. 2. Jefferson’s political philosophy included a belief that [A] the British parliamentary system was the surest model for Americans to follow. [B] people should learn to serve the government rather than expecting the government to serve the people. [C] to maintain order, a government had to levy substantial taxes and maintain a sizable standing army. [D] freedom was threatened by a government that undermined popular liberty. [E] an established church was the best bulwark against corruption. 3. Thomas Jefferson favored sovereignty of state government over the federal government because he [A] feared that the federal government would provide financial assistance to manufacturers, leaving the states to subsidize family farms. [B] believed that the federal government was not yet strong enough. [C] knew that the opposition Federalist party still dominated the federal government. [D] wanted the states to be free to build new cities. [E] believed that state government was responsive to popular will. 4. For Jefferson and others, “popular virtue” meant that [A] government had a popular mandate to enforce standards of behavior. [B] the majority of citizens wished to be good. [C] citizens had the responsibility of leading moral lives. [D] a citizen should be inclined to place the public good ahead of his own personal interests. [E] a politician, as Machiavelli suggested, should appear to be virtuous as a way of getting elected. 5. Who did Thomas Jefferson believe were the most vigilant and virtuous people? [A] city dwellers [B] farmers [C] Indians [D] African-American slaves [E] factory workers 6. How did President Jefferson plan to reverse what he perceived to be a drift toward despotism in the 1790s? [A] by strengthening the army to stand guard against tyrants [B] by acquiring additional territory that could help to bolster American freedom [C] by eliminating the opposition Federalist party [D] by eliminating the national debt and thereby reducing the need for taxes [E] by sending cash payments to America’s foreign foes
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2 7. All the following were President Jefferson’s ways of cutting federal expenses except [A] reducing the size of the army.
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