Chapter 14 Outline

Chapter 14 Outline - I. II. II. III. IV. Chapter 14: From...

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Chapter 14: From Compromise to Secession I. Background A. At this time, the Mexican American War had just ended and the US had an equal number of free and slave states. The war ended in 1848. If you remember right, the Mexican American War left America with, through the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (Mexican Cession), the former Mexican provinces of California and Mexico. Mexico would also, in subsequence of the treaty, recognize the Rio Grande as the Southern Border of Mexico. In return, the US would pay Mexico 15 million and assume claims of Mexican citizens against Americans. B. The vast territory acquired from this war threatened to upset the balance of free states and slave states. II. Finding a Compromise A. The Doctrine of Free Soil: 1. Congress should prohibit slavery in the new acquired territories (The Wilmont Proviso). 2. Didn’t demand the end of slavery but rather wanted to keep the West a land of opportunity for whites only so that they wouldn’t have to compete with black laborers/free blacks for work. 3. A new party develops out of this. a. The Free-Soil Party in 1848 b. This party also advocated free homesteads- public land grants to small farmers- and internal improvements c. They (northerners) believe that slavery impedes white’s progress. 3. The doctrine was opposed by Southerners. B. Popular Sovereignty 1. It was proposed by a democrat senator from Michigan, Lewis Cass. 2. They key ideas was that each territory would decide whether to permit slavery or not in its domain. 3. Free-soilers and proslavery extremist not satisfied by this proposal. C. Extending the Missouri Compromise Line 1. As of now, in the Louisiana Territory north of latitude 36°30’ slavery is prohibited. 2. Moderate Southerners proposed extending the Missouri Compromise line to the pacific and permitting territories north of that line to be non-slave. II. Escalating tensions A. Utah and California sought admission to the union as free states. B. Texas, slave, admitted in 1845, claimed the eastern half of New Mexico where slavery had already been abolished by the Mexican government. C. Northerners are attacking the fact that slavery is allowed in the District of Columbia. D. Southerners are mad about the lax enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1793. III. President Zachary Taylor(Believes in stopping spread of slavery to protect it) A. He believed that neither California nor New Mexico were suited for Slavery. Thus, he prompted California to bypass the territorial stage preceding statehood and to draw up is constitution in 1849 and apply directly for statehood and a free state. He hinted that New Mexico should do the same. B. In theory, his plan would have solved the problem because it would give the north two new free states while also acknowledging the southern position to bar or permit slavery as it choose. C.
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2010 for the course D d taught by Professor D during the Spring '09 term at Eastern Oregon.

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Chapter 14 Outline - I. II. II. III. IV. Chapter 14: From...

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