ch16notes - AP US history Ch 16 Notes Crises of...

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AP US history: Ch. 16 Notes: Crises of Reconstruction I. Questions facing the newly RE-CONSTRUCTED United States: A. How to re-integrate the states that seceded 1. treat South as conquered territory? 2. punish CSA leaders for treason? B. Who decides? Congress or President? C. MOST IMPORTANT: what will happen to 3.5 freed slaves? 1. most profound upheaval in our history II. Reconstruction politics A. intense political conflicts dominated the nation, not violent conflicts B. Radical Republicans only group to support black suffrage 1. led by Thaddeus Stevens and Charles Sumner C. Lincoln’s Reconstruction Plan 1. Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction a. 10% of voters from 1860 would take oath of allegiance and accept emancipation of slaves b. this minority could create a state gov. 2. excluded: a. CSA gov. officials b. army and naval officers c. USA officers who had resigned their commissions in 1861 d. these people would have to apply for Presidential pardon e. blacks – none of them could vote in 1860 3. goal – to heal the nation, create a southern Republican party D. Most Republicans saw Lincoln’s plan as too easy E. Wade-Davis Bill passed, 1864 1. each former CSA state would be ruled by military governor 2. after at least half of eligible voters take oath, delegates could be Elected to a state convention that would repeal secession and abolish Slavery 3. most take a 2 nd IRONCLAD oath – never supported CSA 4. also did not provide for black suffrage 5. would have delayed readmission indefinitely F. Lincoln used the pocket veto on the Wade-Davis bill G. Congress refused to seat southern delegates H. Lincoln’s assassination puts Andrew Johnson into White House III. Reconstruction under Johnson A. served as military gov. of Tn (1862-1864), strong anti-CSA B. despised the planter ‘aristocracy’ and wanted to destroy it C. Johnson’s Reconstruction Plan 1. most southerners who took oath got amnesty/pardon 2. return of confiscated property (except slaves) 3. oath takers could elect delegates to state conventions, provide for
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regular elections where they would: a. proclaim illegality of secession b. repudiate state debts incurred during war c. ratify the 13 th Amendment, which abolished slavery 4. like Lincoln’s plan, civil and military officers excluded BUT also excluded ex-Confederates w/ property worth $20,000 5. this would put poorer whites in control of state gov. D. rich confederates applied for pardons, and got them (13,000) E. dropped plans for treason punishment F. by 1865, all 7 states had new civil gov. that returned to status quo ante-bellum G. CSA officials and military officers once again in charge and serving in congress H. some states would not recognize the 13 th Amendment I. Black codes – restrictive laws placed on freed slaves – kept them as a semi-free source of cheap labor IV. Congress versus Johnson A. Conservative Republicans favored Johnson’s plan B. Radical Republicans wanted: 1. black suffrage
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  • Spring '09
  • D
  • Reconstruction era of the United States, congressional reconstruction, new state constitutions, black suffrage, B. Radical Republicans

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ch16notes - AP US history Ch 16 Notes Crises of...

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