Chapter 16 Outline

Chapter 16 Outline - Chapter 16: The Crises of...

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Chapter 16: The Crises of Reconstruction I. Reconstruction(1865-1877) a. Lincoln’s Plan: “10 percent Plan” i. Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, which outlined the path by which each southern state could rejoin the Union. ii. A minority of voters (equal to at least 10 percent of those who had voted in the election of 1860) would have to take an oath of allegiance to the Union and accept emancipation. 1. Then this minority could create a loyal state government. 2. Lincoln’s plan excluded some southerners from taking oath: Confederate government officials, army and naval officers, as well as those military officers who had resigned from Congress or from U.S. commissions in 1861. a. All such people would have to apply for presidential pardons. 3. Also excluded, of course, were blacks, who had not been voters in 1860. iii. Radical Republicans in Congress, however, envisioned a slower readmission process. 1. Wade-Davis plan : After at least half the eligible took an oath of allegiance to the Union, delegates could be elected to a state convention that would repeal secession and abolish slavery. To qualify as a voter or delegate, a southerner would have to take another oath of allegiance, swearing he had never voluntarily supported the Confederacy; did not provide for black suffrage, a measure then supported by some radicals. 2. Lincoln pocket-vetoed the Wade-Davis bill (that is, he failed to sign the bill within ten days of adjournment of Congress. a. Senator Benjamin Wade and Congressman Henry Winter Davis were outraged. b. Presidential Reconstruction: Andrew Johnson i. Johnson was a Democrat added to the Republican ticket, president by accident. 1. Neither adopted abolitionist policies nor challenged racist sentiments. 2. He had his own political agenda. ii. Many Republicans were shocked when Johnson announced a new plan for the restoration of the South in May 1865—with Congress out of session and not due to convene until December. 1. In two proclamations the president explained how seven southern states still without reconstruction governments—Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Texas—could return to the Union. a. All people who took an oath of allegiance would receive amnesty or pardon, and all their property except slaves would be restored. b. Oath takers could elect delegates to state convention, which would provide regular elections. c. Each state convention would have to proclaim the illegality of secession, repudiate state debts incurred when the state belonged to the Confederacy, and ratify the Thirteenth Amendment, which abolished slavery. d. Took effect in the summer of 1865. e. Some states refused to ratify the Thirteenth Amendment. 2.
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2010 for the course D d taught by Professor D during the Spring '09 term at Eastern Oregon.

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Chapter 16 Outline - Chapter 16: The Crises of...

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