Lecture%2019%20The%20Social%20Consequences%20of%20the%20Industrial%20Revolution

Lecture%2019%20The%20Social%20Consequences%20of%20the%20Industrial%20Revolution

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Franz Schubert (1797-1828) Fantasie in F minor, Opus 103: ‘poignant melody and passionate drama’
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The Social Consequences of the Industrial Revolution The emergence of a class society
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The traditional social hierarchy Patrician/plebeian divide: Those who owned the land Those who worked it
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The emergence of class divisions Class a relationship , not a thing ‘…class happens when some men, as a result of common experiences (inherited or shared) feel and articulate the identity of their interests as between themselves, and as against other men whose interests are different from (and usually opposed to) theirs.’ EP Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class
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The 19 th c social order Upper, middle, and working classes The British aristocracy: a working, capitalist elite; a service elite The middle class or bourgeoisie: white collar workers
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The European bourgeoisie Austria bureaucratic Hamburg commercial Britain industrialists
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Middle-class values Respectability: Industry Sobriety Thrift Piety Domesticity Samuel Smiles,
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Unformatted text preview: Self-Help (1859) Middle-class economic values Economic individualism Laissez-faire government Natural law Freedom of contract Free trade A conflicted middle class Moral values v. economic values Religious piety v. conspicuous consumption The working class in Britain 1790s-1840s: Dislocation and exploitation Working-class consciousness: the coincidence of the French and Industrial Revolutions Population growth: England and Wales 1781: 7.5 million 1801: 8.9 million 1841:15.9 million (greatest rate of increase: 1811-21) Urbanization and the growth of towns Class relations and tensions Labour unrest: General Ludd and Captain Swing Political goals Universal manhood suffrage Secret ballot Elimination of property qualifications for MPs Payment of MPs Equal electoral districts Annual elections Peterloo massacre, 1819 Political movements Parliamentary reform, 1832 Chartism, 1838-48 The Anti-Corn Law League, 1839-1846...
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