Lecture%2023%20Marx%20and%20Marxism

Lecture%2023%20Marx%20and%20Marxism - Centralization of...

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Marx and Marxism Revolutionary socialism
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Karl Marx (1818-1883)
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Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) Condition of the Working Classes in England (1844)
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Marx: ‘philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways, the point however is to change it’
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The Communist League Manifesto of the Communist Party (February 1848)
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‘the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles’
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WORKING MEN OF ALL COUNTRIES, UNITE!
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[Dialectic Greek root: the art of conversation or debate The process of reasoning to obtain truth and knowledge Socratic method: truth extracted via questions Hegel: thesis, antithesis, synthesis (conflict and resolution) ]
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Marx’s materialist theory of history Economics in action: Feudalism vanquished by capitalism Capitalism vanquished by communism
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Towards a classless society: Abolition of property in land, application of rents of land to public purposes Heavy, graduated income tax Abolition of all rights of inheritance
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Unformatted text preview: Centralization of credit (national bank) State-owned production Equal liability of all to labour (industrial armies) Combination of agriculture and industry Free education for all children; abolition of child factory labour A proletarian revolution Synthesis of German, British, and French thought German idealist philosopher: Hegel (evolution as the product of conflict and resolution) British classical economists: Adam Smith and David Ricardo (surplus value) French: examples of the power of revolution to totally restructure society Later years Exile and poverty, 1849-83 Das Capital International Working Men’s Association ( 1864) Influence and historical impact Helped people to better understand the new social order Provided workers with a potential sense of their individual worth Changed the way in which we interpret the world...
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Lecture%2023%20Marx%20and%20Marxism - Centralization of...

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