Lecture 27 Darwin and Darwinism

Lecture 27 Darwin and Darwinism - David Strauss Life of...

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Jean Sibelius (1865-1957) Finlandia, op. 26 (1899, revised 1900) Helsinki, 4 November 1899 A nationalist symphonic poem
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Darwin and Darwinism
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The history of evolutionary theory Anaximander (6 th c BC) 18 th c: Georges Buffon Carl von Linné (Linnaeus) 19 th c: Jean Lamarck (1809)
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Charles Darwin (1809-1882) (Henslow) HMS Beagle (1831-6)
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Charles Lyell, Principles of Geology (1830-3) (James Hutton, John Playfair)
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Thomas Malthus Essay on the Principle of Population (1798)
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[Robert Chambers], Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation (1844) Alfred Wallace, 1858
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On the Origin of Species (1859) Organic evolution Natural selection (variants) The survival of the fit
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The Descent of Man (1871)
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Alfred, Lord Tennyson In Memoriam A.H.H. (1833-50) ‘nature red in tooth and claw
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Science vs. religion
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Unformatted text preview: David Strauss, Life of Jesus (1835) The Bible Old Testament (Hebrew) New Testament (Greek) Translations: Latin Vulgate (Catholic church; 4 th c origins) Luther’s German Bible (Protestant; 16 th c) King James or Authorized Version (Britain, 1611) Darwin’s defenders: Thomas Huxley (agnosticism) Ernst Haeckel Scientific development of Darwin’s theory: August Weismann Hugo De Vries (mutation theory) Evolutionary biology today: Richard Dawkins, Former Professor of the Public Understanding of Science, Oxford University http://www.richarddawkins.net Social Darwinism Herbert Spencer (1820-1903) Eugenics: breed the fit; sterilize the unfit Karl Pearson: ‘racial purification’...
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Lecture 27 Darwin and Darwinism - David Strauss Life of...

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