lec2gmo09_1-1 - Genotypes and Phenotypes All the genetic...

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Unformatted text preview: Genotypes and Phenotypes All the genetic Material makes up the Genotype of an Organism Phenotype is the physical appearance of the organism- physical traits These traits are inheritable-passed on to offspring Cells- The Unit of Life Organisms are made up of Cells Cells are organized into tissues Tissues into Organs Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes- 2 basic branches of life Prokaryotes Simplest forms of life Bacteria Cyanobacteria Lack complexity of Eukaryotes Eukaryotes More Organized and complex Organelles- membrane bound structures such as Nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria Cells Cells Divide, Expand and then become Specialized Gene expression plays a role in determining cell fate Stem cells- Fate not yet determined, can be manipulated Totipotency-All cells contain the same genetic Information Differentiation Differentiation- Development of a cell into a specific cell type Activation of certain genes results in specialization Mitosis As cells divide, Chromosomes are duplicated and passed on to daughter cells by the process of mitosis Meiosis...
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lec2gmo09_1-1 - Genotypes and Phenotypes All the genetic...

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