209_16 - GLGY209:INTRODUCTIONTOGEOLOGY LivingWorldHierarchy

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–11. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
GLGY 209: INTRODUCTION  TO GEOLOGY
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Living World Hierarchy  Karl Linnaeus yielded the  first hierarchy of the living  world.  In the 7 th  edition of his book  Systema Naturae ’ (Lat.:  Systema Naturae:  Creationis telluris est gloria  Dei ex opere Naturae per  Hominem solum  ) Linnaeus  postulated that species are  entities .
Background image of page 2
Hierarchy as Proposed by  Linnaeus  Linnaeus belief: “…  if God created the World  it is possible to understand God’s wisdom  by studying his creation .”  His best known student Daniel Solander was  Captain James Cook’s naturalist in his  voyages around the world.  Kingdom > Class > Order > Genus > Species
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Grouping Animals by  Similarity
Background image of page 4
Species Names _  Binominal  Linnaeus established  the first system of  species naming, which  is defined as  binominal:  Name of the  Genus  +  Name of the  Species
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Linnaeus Change of  Opinions  Linnaeus abandoned his  principle of the  unchangeable species.  He brought the argument  of the plant hybridization.  The process of creating  new species was not  regarded as open-ended.  He believed that all the  new occurred species  came from the  primae  species , namely those  from the Garden of Eden.
Background image of page 6
Was Linnaeus a True  Creationist?  Nature is once named as “ butcher’s block ”;  Living world dynamic is named “ the war of  all against all ”;   The struggle for existence and competition  were regarded as  necessary to maintain  the Divine Order .
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Cuvier’s Catastrophism  Baron Georges Leopold Cuvier (1769-1832) is often  remembered for the establishment of the  comparative anatomy  and  vertebrate  paleontology  as sciences. Vertical section of the cavern at Gaylenreuth in Franconia, from George Cuvier's Essay on the Theory of the Earth.
Background image of page 8
Discours sur les  révolutions du globe   (1817)  Cuvier considered that  there were several  cataclysms that shaped the  surface of the Earth.  Cataclysms: volcanic  eruptions, sea  transgressions,  earthquakes,  crustal  movements , etc.
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Interpretations   Cuvier discovered remains of quadrupeds to species  now living in the Quaternary sediments of the Paris Basin.  At lower levels are present extinct species of  elephant hippopotamus rhinoceros  or  mastodon  or  close relatives of  those genera .   Still lower in the stratigraphic column, the bone debris  belongs to the extant mammal genera and they are quite rare 
Background image of page 10
Image of page 11
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 01/10/2010 for the course GEOG 209 taught by Professor Georgescu during the Fall '09 term at University of Calgary.

Page1 / 31

209_16 - GLGY209:INTRODUCTIONTOGEOLOGY LivingWorldHierarchy

This preview shows document pages 1 - 11. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online