100%(4)4 out of 4 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.
RUNNING HEAD: Square of Opposition Assignment Jocelyn Gil-PreciadoWest Coast UniversityCritical ReasoningProfessor Yamashita
RUNNING HEAD: Square of Opposition Assignment Categorical Logic and Square of OppositionIn our everyday lives, we may not realize how important categorical logic is. Developed by Aristotle in the fourth century, this term became a way to simply break down claims. According to Critical Thinking categorical logic means "logic based on the relations of inclusion and exclusion among classes" (Moore & Parker, 243, 2017). In other words, it is used to clarify and analyze deductive arguments. By putting claims into categories and translating them into simpler forms, they are easier to understand. There are four types of translating claims and they are statements called A,E,I,O, claims. After translating the claims and putting them into their categories, we are then able to use the square of opposition to find the specific claim.Categorical logic is based on the four basic types of claims which are A,E,I,O,. These are the four basic types of claims. The universal affirmative statement (A), the universal negative statement (E), the particular affirmative statement, and the particular negative statement (I) and also the particular negative (O) statement (Moore & Parker, 257, 2017). When it comes to the universal affirmative (A) statement, this claim is put into the form, “All___are___.”E statement claims are “No___are___.” When it comes to putting the I statements into a category one would use the form, “Some__are___.” Last but not least, the O statements are put into the form of,