AP World History Final Review - AP World History Final Exam...

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AP World History Final Exam Review Chapter 1 - History: the development, transmission, and transformation of cultural practices and events - Neolithic Revolution: climate conditions and changes led to the development of agriculture, began in fertile crescent/ Mesopotamia (Tigris and Euphrates Rivers), importance of rivers (agriculture, transport), development of agriculture: more stable settlements, develop complex social patterns, population size and life expectancy increase, female standing in society changes, polytheism continues, job specialization occurs - Sumerian City States: 1 st urban civilization, in Mesopotamia, bronze used, warfare between them was common, primarily agricultural, kings ruled, monumental construction projects, irrigation projects and systems, 1 st writing system (cuneiform), base #60 system, and Gilgamesh Epic written - Egypt Civilization: traded to south with Nubia/ Meroe, in Egypt king was God on Earth source of the law, Egypt was relatively isolated – sense of security, changelessness because of this, Meroe was important for iron, divine kingship in Egypt Chapter 2 - Daoism: those who liked an individualized approach to life that advocated a natural way of going along with the flow of events, it arose after the fall of the Zhou and warring states period - Confucianism: Confucius made religion to improve society and government, also arose during Warring States period, gives little place to Gods, is more about morals and how to act in material world, emphasized need for rulers and his subjects to both cooperate for a harmonious society, family model, women lower than men in Confucianism - Origins of Chinese Civilization: Yellow river valley, 1 st dynasty was Shang, then Zhou, population and cities lived on the north China plain, Shang practiced divination - Olmec Cities: aligned in the path of the stars, reflects a strong belief in the significance of astronomical events Chapter 3 - Neo- Assyrian Empire: used terror tactics to prevent rebellions, had a large professional army that was very fast, the government was efficient, but not tolerant, all citizens of the empire had the same legal protections, Kings were center of power and claimed divine right, the army was very good at besieging cities, the Empire ruled over far flung lands and diverse peoples, Empire was brought down by the Medes of Iran - Empire: - Jewish Monotheism: Hebrew kingdom was situated between powerful rival states, their religion produced a feeling of Jewish separation from those who weren’t Jewish, eventually conquered by greater power, diaspora occurred - Phoenicians: Mediterranean shipping and trade, colonized territories in Mediterranean, royalty liked fine textiles and the red-purple dye, Tyre was a major economic power, so was Carthage, Phoenicians developed alphabet, controlled Sicily Chapter 4 - Persian Wars: Ionian rebels (colony of Persia), Athens sent Navy to assist the rebels, Persians were infuriated
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2010 for the course 12321 1231234 taught by Professor Smalls during the Spring '09 term at American University of Science & Tech.

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AP World History Final Review - AP World History Final Exam...

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