Outline of Africa and the European Slave Trade

Outline of Africa and the European Slave Trade - AFRICA AND...

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AFRICA AND THE EUROPEAN SLAVE TRADE I Slavery, Economics and Racism II Slave Rebellions in the Americas III The Slave Trade’s Impact on Africa I Slavery, Economics and Racism The third continent involved in Western Europe’s colonial project in the Americas was Africa. From the early 1500s to the late 1800s more than 20 million Africans were brought to the Atlantic seaboard of the Americas as slaves (from Virginia to Brazil). They were supposed to work to produce wealth for the Europeans under the threat of death, and with no recourse to any legal protections. Millions of Africans died en route to the Americans on the notorious ‘Middle Passage’ across the Atlantic Ocean. Once arrived, the enslaved Africans (generally between 13 and 25 years old) were brutalized into recognizing their new ‘masters’ at special ‘Seasoning Camps’ in the Caribbean. Then they were sold in public markets. It was not uncommon for a plantation or mine owner to possess thousands of slaves – most of whom were employed in field work or mining, with a minority held as domestic servants. The following chart breaks down the distribution of slaves in the American colonies from the 1500s to the 1800s: Destination of Slaves Percentage Portuguese Colonies (Brazil) 38.5% British Colonies (minus U.S.A) 18.4% Spanish Colonies 17.5% French Colonies 13.6% U.S.A. (former British Colony) 9.7% Dutch Colonies 2.0% Danish Colonies 0.3% African labor brought Europe great riches. African labor was employed in the cultivation of sugar, tobacco, cotton and other cash crops. African labor was also central to gold,
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Outline of Africa and the European Slave Trade - AFRICA AND...

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