{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}


islamic_sects_comparison_chart - ISLAMIC SECTS COMPARISON...

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Background image of page 1
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: ISLAMIC SECTS: COMPARISON CHART A Many Splintered Thing David Barrett’s Encyclopedia of World Christianity records nearly 1.2 billion Muslims in the world. Though Muslims shared allegiance to Muhammed and to the Qur an, Islam faced division as soon as the prophet died. Three major groups emerged over the centuries and Islam has experienced many smaller divides Sunnk Sufis Vest Muslim leadership in four early caliphs; Abu Baler (632—34), Umar (634- 44), Uthman (644-56), and Ali (656-61). Strongly emphasize law. Have four major legal traditions: Hanafite, Shafite, Malikite, and Hanbalite. The Wahhabi movement that dominates Saudi Arabia grew out of the Hanbalite tradition. Dominate Islamic dynasties throughout history. Number more than 1 billion. Represent the mystical tradition among Muslims. Emerged gradually and showed influence from both Christian and Buddhist monasticism and Greek philosophy. Developed in reaction to the focus on law and doctrine in early Islam. Became more accepted in Islam after the great Muslim thinker al-Ghazali (d.l 1 ll) chose the Sufi path. Divided into orders or brotherhoods. One famous order is the Maulawiya, founded by Rumi (d. 1273), still a highly popular Islamic author. Practice the mystical dance of whirling dervishes. Folk Islam Combines Muslim orthodoxy with superstitions ethnic and tribal groups. Often uses charms and visits to shrines of saints. Uses special herbs or amulets to ward off evil (as is common in Africa and the Middle East). Developed the acncept of the “evil eye.” Has been pervasive= leading to many unorthodox versions of Islam. Shias (Shiites) Believe authentic leadership passed from _ the prophet Muhammed directly to Ali, his son—in-law. Deny the authority of the first three Sunni caliphs. Believe that Sunni Muslims distorted both the Qur’an and the sayings of the prophet (hadith) to reflect against Ali. Give martyrdom a central role in theology and ritual. Number more than 170 million; dominant in Iran. Sectarian Islamic Movements Thoma; movement started in 1 l“- century Egypt; mixes Gnostic and neo— Platonic thought with few links to orthodox Islam. The Ahmadiyya formed in the late 1800s believe their founder, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad Qadiyani (d. 1908) is the messiah. BiasflcMnsliIns combine orthodox Islam with a belief that blacks are the divine race. Black Muslim leaders 1n America have included Malcolm X and Louis Farrakhan, the provocative leader of the Nation of Islam. The Baha'i faith emerged out of the Shia Islam in the 1800s but retained little from its Muslim roors. Its focus is on Bahaullah (d. 1892}, a self—proclaimed messiah. ...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online