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Econ434MC6A - Topic 6 Marxism 1 Dialecticism as an...

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Topic 6: Marxism 1. “Dialecticism” as an evolutionary technique that humans use to understand the world and the universe was first developed by: (a) Ludwig Feurbach. (b) Georg W.F. Hegel. (c) Leonid Kantorovich. (d) Karl Marx. (e) Eugen von Bohm-Bawerk. 2. The theory of dialecticism hypothesizes that theses generate antitheses, with interactions between such concepts then yielding syntheses that advance human understanding. This theory was first described by: (a) Isaac Newton. (b) Ludwig Feurbach. (c) Pierre-Simon Laplace. (d) Pierre de Fermat. (e) Karl Marx. (f) Georg Hegel. (g) Gottfried Leibniz. 3. Karl Marx was profoundly influenced by the passage, “History is not a sequence of accidental occurrences or a collection of disconnected stories; rather, it is an organic process guided by human spirit.” The writer of this sentence was the German idealist philosopher: (a) Friedrich Engels. (b) Karl Marx. (c) Pierre Joseph Proudhon. (d) Georg Hegel. (e) Charles Fourier. 4. The foundations of Karl Marx’s “dialectical materialism” came from the philosopher: (a) Georg Hegel. (b) Immanuel Kant. (c) Thomas Hobbes. (d) John Locke. (e) David Hume. 5. Dialectics involves interactions of thesis and antithesis leading to: (a) electrokinesis. (b) photosynthesis. (c) hypothesis. (d) synthesis. (e) dissertation. 6. Synthesis is the end result of: (a) materialism. (b) deduction. (c) the equimarginal principle. (d) dialectics. (e) diffusion. 7. The theory that dialectical processes [thesis + antithesis synthesis] yield increased understanding about how the world works was first exposited by: (a) Aristotle. (b) Georg Hegel. (c) Karl Marx. (d) Isaac Newton. (e) Adam Smith. (f) David Ricardo. (g) Friedrich Engels. (h) John Stuart Mill. (i) David Hume. (j) Ludwig Feurbach. (k) John Locke. 8. Georg Hegel theorized that a concept ( thesis ) confronts its opposite ( antithesis ) to yield a synthesis that advances human understanding. Karl Marx modified this theory into his philosophy called: (a) dialectical materialism. (b) synergy. (c) atheism. (d) anarcho-syndicalism. 9. The Marxist theory of dialectical materialism theoretically follows a sequence: (a) synthesis thesis antithesis. (b) antithesis synthesis thesis. (c) thesis antithesis synthesis. (d) synthesis antithesis thesis. (e) thesis synthesis antithesis 10. Terms associated with dialectical analysis would include: (a) class warfare and the labor theory of value. (b) thesis, antithesis, and synthesis. (c) syndicates and worker cooperatives. (d) anarchy and chaos. 11. The term that is least closely related to the others is: (a) free will. (b) dialectical materialism. (c) path dependency. (d) hysterisis. (e) historicism. 12. Dialectic materialism is a cornerstone of: (a) Marxism. (b) socialism. (c) communism. (d) capitalism. (e) Utopianism. 13. Karl Marx theorized that the ultimate transition from capitalism to communism is an inevitable consequence of: (a) laws of motion. (b) dialectical idealism. (c) path dependency.
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