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i-o_chapter_115 - Chapter I Principles Practices and...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter I Principles, Practices. and Problems What Jobs- thl333here 3 Be for You? 1 As some U. 3. jobs are being outsourced others jar'e'being lirninated alto~ __ _- I gather Stiil others are being changed so compietey new technology3'_--3 that old skills no longer apply How can you predict wha bs- 33wili be ”ready-g3. i for you when you graduate, prepared to 3begiri33 your working career? nae-g, r search conducted at Harvard University and- at the M ’ ' usetts" Institute-g- » oi Technoiogy about the kinds of jobs likely to beexpor 3d found that the}; 1 - most important factor was whether 3a Job could} e333- shied " that is 1 ”broken down into repeatable steps that Vary little from day to day Such a33I3f-_3 — Job is easier to replace with a clever piece 'of softwar __o is" hand over'to aj-_§._i- 1 iower~paid worker outside the U S. " (cay,.-vt104) 3 33 .c :l ple tasks. Such jobs require flexibility. CreatiVity and the continuing deve :, opment of your business and social skilis. The U S. Department of Labor IiSts_-. t1 the most attractive jobs and their average annual salary as the followrng 33 a College educators ($59,000). 0 Managers ($84,000). :5 Software engineers ($74,000). Management consultants ($70,000). 21 Artists and designers ($46,000). A 3": Source: Business Week, March 22, 2004. 1 ts [. 1t Diversity Issues Another change in the workplace is demographic. It involves a shift in the ethnic composition of the workforce. Persons of African, Asian, and Hispanic heritage now constitute at ieast 35 percent of aii new workers. Further, half of all new A employees are women. White male workers are becoming a minority. Organiza— IS, ' tions large and smaii must be increasingiy sensitive to the needs and concerns of et a workforce that comprises many cultures and backgrounds. in Up to 800.000 immigrants enter the United States every year. Most of them 3y are eager to work, but many lack English-language training and other literacy 1e 3 skilis. They may also be unfamiliar with corporate work habits. This presents an )0 additional challenge to business and industry. it- All these changes in the workplace and in the composition of the workforce le, 5 pose opportunities for I O psychologists in selecting and training workers, re- in j designing jobs and equipment refining management practices, raising morale ad and dealing with health and safety issues These challenges suggest that this is an exciting time to consider a career as an 1—0 psychologist. ...
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