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i-o_chapter_116 - 33 Part One The Practice...

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Unformatted text preview: 33 Part One The Practice oflitdttsrritti-Organizational Psychology The U.S. workforce today includes a growing number of older workers, who often serve as mentors or trainers for younger workers. l-O PSYCHOLOGY AS A CAREER: TRAENENG AND EMPLGYMENT Although few people beiieve that {hey are quaiified to he physicists, chemists, or biologists after raking one or two courses, many people consider themseives ex- pert psychologists even when they have had no formal training. Some think that the practice of psychology requires nothing more than common sense and a lot of time interacting with other people. This will no more make you a psycholo— gist, however, than years of taking medicines wili make you a physician. Modern i—O psychology is a compiex and demanding profession that requires university training. pracrical experience, and continuing study to keep aware of new deveioprnents. The minimum requirement for working as an 1-0 psycholo— gist is a master’s degree, which usually requires 42 semester hours and two to three years to compiere, Most master's degree students work fuli time or part time while in school. Of all the graduate degrees granted in 1—0 psychology each year, two-thirds are at rhe master's ievei. The majority oi I-O master's degree graduates find professional 3'th in their specialty areas at competitive salaries in industry, govenunent, consulting firms, and research organizations. Their most marketable slciiis that can be appiied to the job are in the areas of psychological test and survey consrruction and valida- tion, human resources selection and piacernent, performance appraisai, fair employment praCtices, and employee training. College course work in rnotiva— tion, job satisfaction, and organizational deveiopmenr are also useful on the job. Thus, a tnasier's degree program in H) psychology provides valuable preparation for a productive and rewarding career. However, the higher positions in busi- nesses and universities typically require a doctoral degree, which requires from three to five years oi graduate study. The number oi graduate students in 1-0 psychology continues to grow, with the bulk oi the increase being among students at the master's level. These students ...
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