FYS Outline of ethical theories

FYS Outline of ethical theories - of war all against all...

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Here is an outline; a short list and some reminders about the ethical theories we have discussed or will discuss. Classical Greek ethics— how to live well: Plato: Idealism—Knowledge is virtue; if you know the good, you will do it. Moral life is organized to ensure a harmony of soul and rational community. Aristotle: Virtue ethics—developing character though rational habits of action in terms of the golden mean as a rule to ensure happiness. Roman Ethics —Hedonism and the ethics of pleasure: ensuring emotional survival in a difficult world. Epicurus: Refinement of Taste and withdrawal from public life. Epictetus—Stoicism: Prudence; the abridgement of expectations and will—live according to nature. Modern Moral Realism —Dealing with the world as you find it. Hobbes—The ethics of absolute sovereign power, to remediate the state of nature
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Unformatted text preview: of war all against all. Machiavelli: The strategy of effective exercise of Power in which the ends justify the means) Enlightenment (Deontological) Ethics — Kant: The Categorical Imperative as a test of the principles of moral choice; autonomy discerning duty independent of inclination or consequences. Utilitarian Ethics — Bentham and Mill: The greatest happiness for the greatest number is the test of the moral worth of actions and policy—to be decided by projected utility of consequences. Ethical Naturalism (Master/ Slave moralities) — Nietzsche’s re-valuation of all values in a critique of traditional morality. The alternative, for some, of a creative ethics designed for the evolutionary transcendence of Man....
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