120_lecture4_fall09

120_lecture4_fall09 - ECO 120, Lecture 4 Jon Robinson UC...

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ECO 120, Lecture 4 Jon Robinson UC Santa Cruz October 6, 2009 Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 1 / 35
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Reading for next time economics of education *Du±o, Esther (2001), ²Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment.³American Economic Review 91 (4): 795-813. Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 2 / 35
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Health, Nutrition, Income last time, we saw how it might be possible for a poverty trap to exist. In particular, the trap was that people are too poor to a/ord enough food, and are therefore too weak to earn much money. This keeps them poor, and unhealthy. So poor health ! low income ! poor health ! low income Today we want to turn to testing whether such a poverty trap exists in real life Thomas et al. (2006), "The Causal E/ect of Health on Labor Market Outcomes: Experimental Evidence." Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 3 ± 35
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Outline be an important problem for people in developing countries Discuss some more issues related to RCTs (Randomized Controlled Trials) attrition spillovers non-compliance introduce concepts of internal and external validity Discuss the paper and the results Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 4 / 35
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Background over the years, there have been a number of studies of micronutrient supplementation and programs to improve nutrition. ll see, many of the earliest of these studies were plagued with various problems. Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 5 / 35
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iron plays a big role in oxidative energy production assosciated with greater susceptibility to disease, fatigue and related child development can a/ect ability to supply manual labor in our context in severe cases, associated with elevated infant and maternal mortality why is this? As HB declines, the maximum amount of oxygen the body can handle declines (aerobic capacity). Also, the amount of oxygen to muscles declines, leading to lower endurance. supplementation can improve HB levels. evidence that supplementation can have big e/ects Jon Robinson (UCSC) ECO 120, Lecture 4 October 6, 2009 6 ± 35
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Iron Supplementation female tea plantation workers in Sri Lanka who received iron supplements did not increase their output but increased time spent in other voluntary activities longitudinal study of male rubber workers in Indonesia at baseline, 45% were anemic! anemic workers were 20% less productive than non-anemic workers
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This note was uploaded on 01/12/2010 for the course ECON 120 taught by Professor Robinson during the Fall '08 term at UCSC.

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120_lecture4_fall09 - ECO 120, Lecture 4 Jon Robinson UC...

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