ENVS141Day1SketchofProblem Part2

ENVS141Day1SketchofProblem Part2 -...

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Unformatted text preview: World
Income
Shares,
Top
5%
and
 Bo]om
95%
of
World
PopulaLon,
 2000
 33%
 67%
 Share
of
Top
5%
~

 Share
of
Bo]om
80%
~
 Share
of
Middle
15%
 3
 1
 2
 Why
These
Problems
Are
Twins
 Example: 
 The
Largest
Decline
in
Poverty 
 in
 
 Human
History 
 Economic
Growth
in
China 
 Poverty
ReducLon
in
China, 
 According
to
the
World
Bank 
 How
Did
They
Do
This? 
 Well,
in
large
part: 
 Chinese
CO2
Emissions
from
Coal, 
 1971‐2004 
 Per
Capita
CO2
Emissions,
2004 
 25
 20
 15
 10
 5
 0
 U.S. 
 

 
Rich 
 
China 
 
Countries 
 
 
 
India 
LaLn 
 
SS
Africa
 
 
 
America
 Did
I
Hear
a
Whine? 
 
“The
Obama
administraLon
is
trying
to
saLsfy 
European
demands
for
firm
targets
and 
Lmetables,
while
reassuring
a
wary
Senate 
that
it
is
not
signing
on
to
a
system
that
would 
impose steep economic costs on the United States that are not shared by developing countries like China and India.”
 
h]p://www.nyLmes.com/2009/09/21/world/europe/21climate.html ?_r=1&ref=global‐home
 FicLon 
 Fact 
 The
NaLonal
Security
State
Is 
Paying
A]enLon 
 We
Should,
Too! 
 ?
 What
Is
To
Be
Done? 
 Or 
 How
To
Think
About
This? 
 Jared
Diamond
on 
 
Avoiding
Catastrophe 
 1.  Take
environmental
problems
seriously.
 2.  Pay
close
a]enLon
to
group
decision
making
 a)  Conflicts
of
interest
improperly
managed
=
disaster
 b)  Myopia
kills!
 3.  If
an
elite
insulates
itself
from
short‐run 
consequences
of
own
acLons,
BIG
TROUBLE 
comes
later!
 4.  Avoiding
catastrophe:
must
re‐examine
long‐held 
core
values,
when
these
cease
to
apply.
 ...
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