Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Perception I. Selection II....

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Chapter 6: Perception I. Selection II. Perceptual Illusion III. Perceptual Organization IV. Perceptual Interpretation V. ESP? I. Selection - sensory reduction: the brain is going to filter out information, some will be emphasized, some will be more analyzed and some will be deleted. - Selective attention : our ability to turn our conscious awareness towards the stimulus and disregard all other info. We choose what we pay attention and focus on and disregard all the other info. It’s essential for survival. - Cocktail party effect: you are at a party and it’s noisy, despite of that we can focus and talk to a specific person and your attention is focused on something, in the midst of everything, if someone somewhere says your name, you’re going to hear it. When someone says your name, you hear it and you turn. - Selective inattention: disregarding information because it’s emotionally depressing. In general it can be bad or good. - Change blindness: our tendancy to not notice large changes in our environment. Look for the example in the textbook. Can stimuli we don’t notice affect us? > ANSWER IN BOOK FIND IT - attention is a limited resource. There is so much you can pay attention to, if you think you can successfully multi-task, you are lying to yourself. If you want to do something well, give it your full attention. II. Perceptual Illusions Illusions: an error in perception. A misperception of the true characteristics of a true object/image. Visual Capture: when the brain is receiving info about a specific stimulis from different sensors. Sometimes will receive contradicting msgs. The brain is going to side with the vision. III. perceptual organization
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Introduction: Gestalt Psychology: school that was created in the 1900s . it no longer exists. Everything that is going to be talked about is what gestalt psychology has told us. - sensations are actively active , because this lawful processing we end up seeing meaningful patterns/objects/percetption. This active processing is gonna make sure we’re not gonna see bits and pieces of active isolation. - Gestalt= a form; a whole - The whole may exceed the sum of its parts - Mind matters A. Form Perception A.1 Figure & Ground (gonna give an example of vision but it applies to all sense) when ever we’re looking at visual scene, the figure will be anything im focused on, looking at, interested in. The ground is anything else around it. Ground = background.
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2010 for the course PSY psy1101 taught by Professor Haddad during the Spring '09 term at University of Ottawa.

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Chapter 6 - Chapter 6: Perception I. Selection II....

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