Chapter 9 - - Chapter 9: Memory I. The phenomenon of...

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- Chapter 9: Memory - - I. The phenomenon of Memory: - A. Definition: mental processes that allow us to retain info and us it. - B. Flashbulb memory: very vivid memories and usually long lasting, however, details may be inaccurate and are memories of events that are personally significant or shocking or rare. - C. Information processing: - • Encoding: acquiring the information and getting it in. - • Storage: saving info for later. - • Retrieval: opening a saved file. - II. Encoding Info: - A. How we encode: - • Automatic processing: we get the info and acquire it with little or no conscious effort what so ever - • Remembering what you had for dinner, no effort involved in remembering what you ate. - • Effortful processing: effort to acquire the information - • Studying for an exam. - • Rehearsal - • Ebbinghans: interested in memory but there were no answers, scientific info, delt with by philosophers - • He was the first to study memory scientifically - • Wanted material he has never been exposed to - • Nonsense syllables: DAS-BAZ-XIR-SUJ, the more he rehearsed at time one, the more he remembered at time two and less time he would have to spend to relearn it.and visa versa. - • The next in line effect: 123456 - • Most likely to remember the names of the first 4 people but have a pour memory of the 5th person (right before you) this is because you are so worried about introducing yourself and are not thinkning about what the person is saying - • Spacing effect: - • Pip goes home and studies the lecture and then rereads at home then 4-5 weeks later rereads again, jeanvieve will only study right before the exam. Therefore, pip will remember the info better and longer. - • The serial position effect: - • Happy - • Tennis - • Pool
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- • Book - • Mumber - • Idiot - • Atom - • We will have better memory for words at beining and end of list - B. What we encode: - • Encoding meaning - • Many ways - o Pen - o Pie (lie) - o Money (in a sentence) –best way to remember things! - o Based on ebbinghans it takes 1/10 the effort to study something if you learn it instead of memories - o Anything realated to you will allow you to remember it better. • Imagry: • Mnemonic devices: enhance our memory, make our memory better • Method of Loci: developed by early greeks, madde speaches that lasted for a long time and had no notes. They remembered the speeches by choosing a familiar route and associate specific parts of the speech on that route. o Start speech at home , then associate encoding with the pharmacy, then associate storage with the bakery, then link retrieval with jab break etc. o Fire-Global-Interest-Table –Coherant-Prostitute, using visual imagry
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This note was uploaded on 01/13/2010 for the course PSY psy1101 taught by Professor Haddad during the Spring '09 term at University of Ottawa.

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Chapter 9 - - Chapter 9: Memory I. The phenomenon of...

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