Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: Emotions Intro I. I I I I I IV...

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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 13: Emotions Intro I. I I I I I IV Intro Emotions are irrational and must be suppressed because they lead to irrational decisions. Emotions are important for goals, for rational decisions, They are complex psychological processes. There are three components: > physiological arousal: when you are afraid, your heart are beating fast, palm sweating, trembling > Expressive behaviours: when you are frightened, you either freeze or you may run etc. > conscious subjective experience: thoughts and feelings (exam is hard, I feel anxious) I. Theorires of Emotions A. The James Lange and Canon-Bard Theories - James Lange Theory: > Common sense: im going for a walk and see a bear and now Im afraid and I start running.. > theory: Im going for a walk and I see the bear and when I see the bear, my heart is gonna beat fast and im gonna run..expressions come first and as a result of that im gonna feel scared. - Canon Bard theory : u see the bear and simontaneously. You are a fraid, u run, and heart beating. B. Cognition & Emotion What is the relationship between thinking and our emotion B.1 Shacters Two-Factor Theory of Emotion > In order for us to feel an emotion, theres 2 factors: > physiological arousal > cognitive label > at a wedding, you are happy (physiological arousal), on the other hand if u have ur heart beating fast at a funeral u conclude that you are sad.. etc Evidence- Spill-over effect: horror movie and mom nagging.. B.2 Zajonc - he accepts the idea that we think first then we feel second but in addition to this, ther are many instances where we feel first then think second, cognition doesnt always have to perceive emotions B.3 Lazarus - sometimes we feel first then we think second, however, your brain must have assessed the situation, unconsciously evaluates the situation thats why youre feeling afraid c. Two Dmentions of Emotions Valence: is it pleaseant, unpleaseant? Arousal: how much physical arousal is created in the body I I. Embodied emotion A. Emotion and Physiology - Autonomic NS > sympathy/parasympath- arousal and performance we need optimal level B. Physiology of Specific Emotions There are physiological similarities between emotions (when we are scared, happy..etc heart beat fasts) There are differences between specific emotions (when you are angry or frightened, blood pressure goes up, however anger increases blood pressure more than fear, anger increases body temp whereas fear decreases) If u stimulate one part of the amygdela, the cat will feel fear..etc different parts of amygdala diff parts of emotion higher activities in the left frontal cortex, sad..etc right frontal cortex, depressed and sad then u stimulate the nucleus accumbens nd will be happy I I I. Expressed Emotion - nonverbal communication: quiet a bit of our interaction is non- verbal.. glance, smile and frown you can convey a lot without having to use language - Gender : based on research, women are not more emotional than...
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Chapter 13 - Chapter 13: Emotions Intro I. I I I I I IV...

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