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July6_09 - TIPS for SUCCESS Psych 1 Principles of...

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1 Psych 1 P rinciples of Psychology Summer Session D, 2009 Instructor: Emiliana Simon-Thomas, Ph.D. (Please pick up a syllabus on your way in) 7/06/09 TIPS for SUCCESS : REVIEW AND PLAN ACCORDING TO THE COURSE SYLLABUS ( https://bspace.berkeley.edu/portal ) READ YOUR TEXTBOOK EVERY DAY ACTIVELY ATTEND ALL LECTURES COMPLETE home exercise and web-based ACTIVITIES COMPLETE THREE 1-3 page written assignments ACE 1 midterm (July 23th) & 1 final (Aug. 12th) EXAM FULFILL YOUR RPP REQUIREMENT (they ll come to give you the details at the end of lecture today) Psychology What is Psychology? The word derives from Greek roots: Psyche means soul or mind, + Logos means word = the word of the mind or soul . The science of Psychology is the systematic study of experience and behavior; the study of how and why organisms do what they do. Why study Psychology? to understand, explain and predict behavior Optimization: being the happiest, smartest, most balanced, creative, efficient, constructive and beneficial contributors to the world that we can be. Health care: developing treatments for abnormalities, illnesses and disorders. For an easy A ; it s all common sense anyway, right?
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2 Isn t it all common sense? “Familiarity breeds contempt.” vs. “The more you know someone, the more you love them.” “Birds of a feather flock together.” vs. “Opposites attract.” “Out of sight, out of mind.” vs. “Distance makes the heart grow fonder.” Psychological Science The science of mental life, Psychology, requires critical thinking (skeptical curiosity and humility), careful observation and rigorous analysis . Now, let’s back up a bit. Basic Philosophical questions in Psychology Free will vs. determinism Can we know the causes of and/or predict behavior? Free will: individuals decide independently how to behave, therefore, we can never predict with perfect accuracy what someone will do. Determinism: everything that happens is caused by something that we can observe in the world. Just figure out what the the causes are and we can develop the formula for anything. Basic Philosophical Questions The mind-brain problem : - How is experience related to biological mechanisms such as the brain? Dualism: the mind or soul is separate from the brain but somehow controls the brain and and the rest of the body (Rene DesCartes, 17 th century). Monism: conscious experience is generated by activity in the brain and nervous system.
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3 Basic Philosophical Questions The nature-nurture issue How do differences in experience and behavior relate to differences in heredity (genes) vs. environment (parents, culture, resources)?
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