PSC 5513 Notes v2 - Realists Machiavelli Hobbes StPierre...

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Realists Pluralists Cosmopolitans Machiavelli Hobbes St Pierre Rousseau Treitske Waltz Wohlforth Mearsheimer Vitoria Gentz Grotius Vattel Smith Ricardo Jackson Keohane Ikenberry Dante Marx Erasmus Kant Thucydides Gowan Petras Veltmeyer State of Nature “War of all against all” Individuals are  fundamentally social,  cooperative Like Rousseau (Kant) Peaceful (Erasmus) Raison d’état For the state to be  successful (i.e. grow),  preserve order To preserve their own  rights Influenced by  transnational  factors/ideas Conflict Inevitable Avoidable (BPO,  alliances, natural and  other law) May be avoidable,  may not, but  progressing toward a  proscribed end Purpose of war Method of national  aggrandizement War = law  enforcement, better  state of peace Universal monarchy Impossible Not necessary and  infringes on rights of  states Neo-Liberal Cosmos  want one International law An illusion because  they lack sanctions Institutions influence  states—set  conditions for state- state agreements Right/Wrong What is achievable is  right—by definition  cannot be wrong or  unjust All people have  certain rights— natural law defines  right and wrong and  states are bound to it Based on the guiding  pronciple
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Basis of Int’l  interaction War/Conflict Cooperation, Mutual  Benefit (trade, law,  etc.) Progress, competition  b/t competing  horizontal layers
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REALISM:   Success depends upon accepting the necessity of the situation and acting accordingly Realism focuses on state security and power above all else—seek to maximize their  security and chances of survival.   War is an effect of anarchy at the international level Injection of morality into IR casues reckless commitments, diplomatic rigidity, and  escalation of conflict Realist theories share the following key assumptions: o The international system is anarchic. There is no authority above states capable  of regulating their interactions; states must arrive at relations with other states  on their own, rather than it being dictated to them by some higher controlling  entity. o Sovereign states are the principal actors in the international system.  International institutions, non-governmental organizations, multinational  corporations, individuals and other sub-state or trans-state actors are viewed as  having little independent influence. o States are rational unitary actors each moving towards their own national  interest. There is a general distrust of long-term cooperation or alliance. o
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PSC 5513 Notes v2 - Realists Machiavelli Hobbes StPierre...

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