memory2.W09 - Organization of memory horse table phone...

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1. Partial vs. whole report (Sperling, 1960) 1. Serial position effects 3. H.M.
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So far, so good.
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but, wait. ..
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It’s got a few things wrong 1. Relationship between rehearsal and long-term memory 2. Organization of information in long-term memory 3. Getting information out of long-term memory
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Getting information into LTM rehearsal Getting information out of LTM retrieval (serial search)
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The more you rehearse something, the more likely it is to be transferred into LTM
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Levels of processing Craik & Lockhart (1972)
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Maintenance vs. elaborative rehearsal Generation effect MORNING -- AFTERNOON MORNING – _ FT_RN_ _N
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Study one of two passages, one about “The Sun” and one about “Sea Otters”. Phase 1 SSSS (study the passage four times) SSST (study it three times, tested once) STTT (study it once, tested three times) Phase 2 (test)
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Predictions (who will remember more on Phase 2 test? SSST SSST STTT
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Roediger & Karpicke (2006)
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Unformatted text preview: Organization of memory horse table phone chair face monkey car tape foot palace In the Atkinson-Shiffrin model, LTM is a big unorganized box of information. Retrieval: Serial search processes • Keyword = serial – the more “stuff” there is in memory, • the longer it will take to recall information. • the more likely it is that we will not be able to retrieve the information we are “looking” for. Recognition memory study test horse table (target) table glass (distractor) shoe phone Search model for recognition compare test item to traces in memory. If match say “yes” If no match say “no” Predictions: reaction time increases with list length. Reaction time for “no” responses should be very long. Recognition Memory Search model does not work because people can make correct rejections quickly, accurately, and with high confidence. Recognition Memory...
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This note was uploaded on 01/14/2010 for the course PSYCH 002 taught by Professor Clark during the Spring '09 term at UC Riverside.

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memory2.W09 - Organization of memory horse table phone...

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