AP US History Summer Project-Chapter Outline

AP US History Summer Project-Chapter Outline - Stephanie...

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Stephanie Omlin AP American History Mrs. Daly Summer Project- Chapter Outlines Chapter 1- New World Beginnings 33,000 B.C. - A.D. 1783 500 years ago - European explorers stumbled on American continents 6000 years ago - People of Middle East, gradually emerged from the haze of the past, and developed a primitive culture 10,000 Years Ago - Ice started to retreat and melt, raising the sea levels and covering up the Bering Isthmus. 35,000 Years Ago - The oceans were glaciers and the sea level dropped, leaving an isthmus connecting Asia and North America. Nomadic Asian hunters going into North America crossed the Bering Isthmus 2 Million Years Ago - Great Ice Age 10 Million Years Ago - North America was shaped by nature - Canadian Shield 225 Million Years Ago - Pangaea started to break apart -Evidence suggests that early people may have come to the Americas in crude boats, or across the Bering Isthmus First Discoverers of America -When Europeans arrived in America in 1492 , 72 million people inhabited the two American continents. Over the centuries they split into countless tribes, evolved more than 2000 separate languages and developed many diverse religions, cultures, and way of life -Incas in Peru, Mayans in Central America, and Aztecs in Mexico shaped sophisticated civilizations Without the simple technology of the wheel and large draft animals these civilizations: - built elaborate cities and carried on far-flung commerce -talented mathematicians made accurate astronomical observations - Aztecs routinely sought the favor of their gods by offering human sacrifices, cutting hearts out of chests of living victims, which were often captives conquered in battle The Earliest Americans * Agriculture, especially corn growing, accounted for assize and sophistication of Native American civilizations in Mexico and South America * 5000 B.C. – hunter-gatherers in highland Mexico developed a wild grass into the staple crop of corn, became their staff of life and foundation of complex, large-scale, centralized Aztec and Incan nation-states * Everywhere corn was planted, corn began to transform nomadic hunting bands into settled agricultural villagers * 1200B.C . – Pueblo peoples in Rio Grande Valley constructed complicated irrigation systems to water their cornfields, they were dwelling in villages of multistoried, terraced buildings - Mound Builders of Ohio River Valley and Mississippian culture of lower Midwest did sustain large settlements after integration of corn planting unto their way of life during first millennium A.D. - 1100 A.D. Mississippian settlement at Cahokia was home to 40,000 people - 1300 A.D. mysteriously the Mound Builder and Mississippian cultures had fallen into decline 1000 A.D. – cultivation of maize, high-yielding strains of beans and squash reached southeastern Atlantic seaboard region of North America - These plants made “three-sister” farming possible ~ beans growing on trellis of cornstalk and squash covering-planting mounds to retain moisture in soil
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AP US History Summer Project-Chapter Outline - Stephanie...

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