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PSYC 331 Lecture 4 -- ELMES

PSYC 331 Lecture 4 -- ELMES - PSYC 331 Lecture 4 Basic...

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1 PSYC 331 Lecture 4 Basic Research Methods: Observations in Psychological Research
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2 Overview In this lecture, we will discuss… What is basic research and the general steps in conducting basic research The major, general methods of study We will focus on the descriptive observation methods, which includes: Naturalistic Observation The Case Study Survey Research The advantages and disadvantages of the descriptive observation methods Ways to address some of the disadvantages The issue of reactivity
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3 Conducting your Research: Steps to follow: 1. Determine the method of study 2. Determine your research setting 3. Choose your methodology 4. Select your materials and procedures 5. Select your participants
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4 Determine the method of study Observations (focus of Chapter 4) Relational Research (focus of Chapter 5) Experimentation (focus of Chapter 6)
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5 Descriptive Observation Methods Enumerate what behaviors occur Quantity Frequency Descriptive methods: Naturalistic observation Case study Survey research
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6 Naturalistic Observations Ethology – the study of naturally occurring behaviors
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