PSYC 331 Lecture 2 -- ELMES

PSYC 331 Lecture 2 -- ELMES - PSYC 331 Lecture 2...

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1 PSYC 331 Lecture 2 Explanation in Scientific Psychology
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2 Overview In this lecture, we will discuss… How we get ideas How we know what’s true How science typically works What is needed by the scientific process How other explanations are eliminated What a theory is, and how it’s tested and evaluated
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3 How do we get ideas? Think back to the last lecture: Observation Experts Literature Search General observations e.g. social loafing Applied research – used to solve practical problems Re. Williams, Harkins, and Latané (1981) study to address problem of social loafing
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4 How do we know what’s true? (Sources of Understanding) We often “fix” our beliefs through nonscientific methods of: Authority Tenacity A Priori Assumptions vs. The Scientific Method – based on experience It is: Empirical – relies on data from scientific observations Self-correcting – involves comparing new beliefs with old
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This note was uploaded on 01/15/2010 for the course PSYC 331 taught by Professor Dianealonso during the Fall '09 term at UMBC.

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PSYC 331 Lecture 2 -- ELMES - PSYC 331 Lecture 2...

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