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Running head: REALITY THEROY CASE APPLICATION 1Unit 6 Reality Theory Case ApplicationCaitlin BoydCOUN5239 Theories of Psychotherapy2/23/20Dr. Marilyn Montgomery
REALITY THEORY CASE APPLICATION2Theoretical Framework and Application: Reality Theory With every client case, there are a myriad of psychotherapy models from which a counselor can implement as the foundation of the therapeutic sessions. Although most contemporary counselors use a more eclectic approach- pulling skills and techniques from multiple models at various times- they still typically operate under the assumption of one major underlying theory (Kottler and Montgomery, 2016). In this manuscript, an examination of how the skills, techniques, and evidence-based interventions that were conceived in reality theory can be applied to the case study of Edna Macabre, which will then be juxtaposed to the similar skills and techniques utilized in existential therapy. Following the specific plan for Edna (using those techniques), the appropriateness of theapplication of reality theory to her will be analyzed. Additionally, an exploration of other variouscultural considerations to be had when using this theory with diverse populations will be discussed.Finally, a succinct overview of how reality theory aligns with this author’s personal and professional views will be afforded.Theoretical Application: Reality/Choice TheoryClient Summary: Edna MacabreClient is a 56-year-old African American female who is a pious Christian. She is unhappyat her job and her perpetual low-income status, upset that she never went to college to be a nurse and to get a “good job”. She has thought of going back to school, but she feels “too old”. She is dissatisfied with her husband for not making her happy, feeling he has grown complacent. She was once very close with her daughter, Laura, but has found it difficult to accept her after she recently disclosed that she is a lesbian, and they are rapidly growing apart. She used to go to the
REALITY THEORY CASE APPLICATION3gym, which made her happy, but she feels she’ll never look like she used to so there is no point. Edna is feeling isolated, depressed about her deteriorating health and looks, and is financially stressed.Case Goals, Techniques, and Interventions Using Reality TheoryA few important target goals for Edna would be to get her signed up for college classes, as she has always wanted to go to college to become a nurse, and also get her back on a gym regimen because it helps with her depression and negative self-image. These goals are good fits