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Unformatted text preview: 1 introduction to introduction to morphology morphology - 2 Linguistics 1A03/1A3E Linguistics 1A03/1A3E 2 ways of building/extending lexicon ways of building/extending lexicon derivation derivation compounding compounding functional shift/conversion (zero derivation) functional shift/conversion (zero derivation) semantic shift/metaphorical extension semantic shift/metaphorical extension blends blends shortening/clipped forms shortening/clipped forms acronymy acronymy backformation backformation borrowing borrowing invention invention 3 derivation derivation derivational morphemes (affixes) – create new words by 1) changing lexical category and / or 2) changing the meaning of the word – un- + Adj ➔ Adj unhappy – N + -ful ➔ Adj youthful 2 4 compounding compounding combining existing LC new N, Adj, V head morpheme determines LC of compound some English examples – N fire engine green house N + N Adj + N – V overlook drop kick P + V V + V – Adj sky blue deep blue N + Adj Adj + Adj...
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- Fall '09
- Acronym and initialism, Morpheme