Phonology Part 2 - Phonology - 2 Some phonological rules of...

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1 Phonology - 2 Some phonological rules of English Allophones in free variation phonological rules capture in a concise manner how phonemes are realized in a language phonological rules are language-specific notation: / 1 / [ 2 ] / __ 3 = becomes / = in the environment of common environments C ___ = after a consonant V___ = after a vowel V___ V = intervocalically ___ C = before a consonant #___ = word-initially ___ # = word-finally
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2 phonological rules of English liquid devoicing nasalization Canadian Raising flapping rule tense vowel rule liquid devoicing liquids are devoiced after voiceless stops / l, r / [ - voice ] / C ____ stop [-voice] nasalization vowels are nasalized before nasal consonants V [ + nasal ] / _____ C [+ nasal]
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3 consider the following examples eyes lies tied fly house (verb) loud cow ice lice tight flight house (noun) lout scout [aj] [aw] [ ʌ j] [ ʌ w] variants are allophones in complementary distribution
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This note was uploaded on 01/16/2010 for the course LINGUISTIC Ling 1A03 taught by Professor Moro during the Fall '09 term at McMaster University.

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Phonology Part 2 - Phonology - 2 Some phonological rules of...

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