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Political Science 1301Fall 2007 Exam3

Political Science 1301Fall 2007 Exam3 - Political Science...

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Political Science 1301 Fall 2007 Examination Three Study Questions The Courts 1. There is the view held by many citizens that courts simply interpret and apply laws enacted by legislative institutions, but we have made the assertion that courts also make law. Is this true? Can you provide any examples of court made law? If courts make law, in what context are they doing it? 2. In many other democracies, courts do not have the power of judicial review, and there are those who assert that the courts have overstepped their constitutional authority. What is judicial review? Where did the courts get this authority and to what does it apply? Many of the court’s critics have asserted that this leads to excesses in the decisions rendered by the courts. Is this a valid complaint? 3. We have a dual court system in the United States, and most of us will eventually have some experiences with the courts. What kind of cases go to the state and federal courts? Is there any overlapping jurisdiction between the federal and state courts? 4. Unlike many state judges who are elected, federal judges are appointed by the president and confirmed by the U.S. Senate. What factors are evident in the appointment of federal judges? If the objective is to appoint fair and objective judges to the courts, does the current process of judicial selection produce competent and objective judges?
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