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Chapter 3 - iv Selective attention – the focusing of...

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Chapter 3: Consciousness and the Two-Track Mind 1. Consciousness – our awareness of ourselves and our environment 2. The Brain and Consciousness a. Cognitive Neuroscience – the interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with cognition (including perception, thinking, memory, and language) i. “the mind is what the brain does” b. Dual Processing – the principle that information is often simultaneously processed on separate conscious and unconscious tracks i. Conscious 1. Explicit 2. Deliberate “high road” ii. Unconscious 1. Implicit 2. Automatic “low road” iii. Vision 1. Visual perception track – enables us unconsciously to recognize things and to plan future actions 2. Visual action track – guides our conscious, moment-to-moment actions
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Unformatted text preview: iv. Selective attention – the focusing of conscious awareness on a particular stimulus 1. Cocktail party effect – ability to attend to only one voice among many v. Selective inattention 1. Inattentional blindness – failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere 2. Change blindness – failing to notice changes in the environment 3. Change deafness 4. Choice blindness 3. Sleep and Dreams a. Biological Rhythms and Sleep i. Circadian Rhythm – biological clock; regular bodily rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle ii. Sleep Stages 1. REM sleep – rapid eye movement sleep, a recurring...
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