Final Exam BIO1130 - Organizing_the_Living_World - TAHMID

Final Exam BIO1130 - Organizing_the_Living_World - TAHMID -...

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Organizing the Living World Initial Definitions: - Classification: Categorize o Dichotomous: Yes/No responses present in all organisms classified (plant opens stoma?) Present in all hierarchies/branches in phylogenetic trees - Taxonomy: Using a set of rules to group organisms o Folk: Medicine men, shaman (1 person in ancient cultures) classified organisms; these guys can memorize (verbal) ; tier of 2 or 3 hierarchies; 500 organisms; dichotomy of plants and animals ; dichotomy of medicinal plants o Artificial: Aristotle (animals) & Theophrastus (plants) travel world; 1000s organisms recorded in writing ; hence considered fathers of taxonomy o Mechanical: Linneaus (botanist but think as librarian); organizes these big lists ; creates kingdom of plants and animals (dichotomy); huge phylum vermes(worms; long cylindrical without legs) o Natural: Darwin; evolutionary; using morphology; physical appearance(no genetics atm) Homoplasy (analogies) to Homology (share common descent that indicate these organisms are
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Final Exam BIO1130 - Organizing_the_Living_World - TAHMID -...

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