Exam review-history - ExamreviewCHC2D104 Hiroshima&...

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Exam review – CHC2D1-04 Grade 10 twentieth Century Canadian History Hiroshima & Nagasaki -Cities left in ruins after atomic bombs Little boy/Fat man -Atomic bombs used in Nagasaki- 110,000 people killed and  110,000 injured. Little boy was the first atomic bomb ever used in war. Harry S. Truman-President at the Nagasaki/ U.S President  Major Battles in WW1 : Battle of Jutland : - May 31st, 1916 - Off coast of Denmark - Germans killed 6000 soldiers - Germany never sailed out again Vimy Ridge : - major turning point in war - high point of Canadian achievement - German highly defended hill - Britain tried many times to capture - Arthur Currie (Canada general) planned attack  - Took over hill Passchendale : - Haig wanted to take over Belgium in 1917 - Canadians crawled waist deep in mud - Only fifth of the force was alive - Casualties: 15654 Suez Canal : - Suez canal controlled by British and French  - Egypt decided to take it back
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- Jointed Israel to attack Egypt. Suez joined Egypt - Pearson suggested peace keeping forces to UN-Peace resorted  Propaganda - a way to describe information (i.e. Propaganda Poster)  Conscription - for involuntary labor demanded by an established authority. Conscription in WW1 - On May 18, 1917 Borden announced a new policy of conscription.  - Military Service Bill was passed a month later, making military service compulsory for  all men between 20 and 45 years.  - Half of all Canadians opposed Borden’s bill. French Canadians rioted in Montreal.  - Henri Bourassa and Sir Wilfrid Laurier were against Military Service Bill. Bill was  passed August 1917.  When first group of men were called many tried to be exempt and others disappeared.  There was rioting and looting of businesses. Conscription in WW2 - Canada had been torn apart by conscription in World War 1. Mackenzie King said that  no Canadians would be conscripted in World War 11.  - Hitler’s Victory in Europe caused the National Resources Mobilization Act and men  could be conscripted but only for defence within Canada. These men were called  “Zombies” because people felt they were less than patriotic.  -Mackenzie King let Canadians vote as to whether he could be allowed to break his  promise that there would be no conscription and the people voted in his favour and  released him from his promise - Mackenzie King finally agreed to conscript men as war was winding down. Causes of WW1 & WW2 :
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WW1: 1) Imperialism  2) Nationalism 3) Militarism 4) Alliances WW2: 1) The Treaty of Versailles 2) Conditions in Germany after WWI 3) The rise of Hitler and the Nazi Party 4) The policy of Appeasement  Trench Warfare - machine guns most important weapon. trenches had rats, lice, many 
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