L2b-governments-08bw-1

L2b-governments-08bw-1 - • Autocracy • Oligarchy...

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Government and Politics Overview • What is politics? • What do governments do? • Types of governments (or regime types) – Alternatives to democracy – Types of democracies What is Politics? • Process for resolving social conflict • “Who gets what, when, and how,” Harold Lasswell
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What Governments Do • Resolve social conflict –Power – Authority • Provide public services – Public goods versus private goods • Sets goals for public policy • Preserve culture Politics Influenced By: • Type of government (regime type) • Type of economic system • Composition and divisions within the population Regime Types • Democracy • Authoritarian • Totalitarian
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Democracy • “Democracy is a competitive political system in which competing leaders and organizations define the alternatives of public policy in such a way that the public can participate in the decision-making process.” E. E. Schattschneider, The Semisovereign People , (1960), p. 138 Authoritarian Regime
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Unformatted text preview: • Autocracy • Oligarchy Totalitarian Regimes • Control political, social and economic life – Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, 1934 – 1945 – Josef Stalin, Soviet Union, 1929 – 1953 – Khmer Rouge, Cambodia, 1975 - 1979 Types of Democracies • Procedural democracy – Direct democracy – Representative democracy http://www.azredistricting.org American Democracy • Procedural democracy based on geographic representation • Equality in voting • Individual freedom • Equal protection of the law • Majority rule and minority rights • Voluntary consent to be governed Other Democracies • Alternative voting systems • Alternative government structures • Alternative civil liberties • Alternative public policies Republic Form of Government • U.S. has a republican form of government • Not simple majority rule • Public input but institutional constraints What Should You Know?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2010 for the course POL 201 taught by Professor Norrander during the Spring '07 term at Arizona.

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L2b-governments-08bw-1 - • Autocracy • Oligarchy...

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