L2b-governments-08bw-1

L2b-governments-08bw-1 - Autocracy Oligarchy Totalitarian...

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Government and Politics Overview • What is politics? • What do governments do? • Types of governments (or regime types) – Alternatives to democracy – Types of democracies What is Politics? • Process for resolving social conflict • “Who gets what, when, and how,” Harold Lasswell
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What Governments Do • Resolve social conflict –Power – Authority • Provide public services – Public goods versus private goods • Sets goals for public policy • Preserve culture Politics Influenced By: • Type of government (regime type) • Type of economic system • Composition and divisions within the population Regime Types • Democracy • Authoritarian • Totalitarian
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Democracy • “Democracy is a competitive political system in which competing leaders and organizations define the alternatives of public policy in such a way that the public can participate in the decision-making process.” E. E. Schattschneider, The Semisovereign People , (1960), p. 138 Authoritarian Regime
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Unformatted text preview: Autocracy Oligarchy Totalitarian Regimes Control political, social and economic life Adolf Hitler, Nazi Germany, 1934 1945 Josef Stalin, Soviet Union, 1929 1953 Khmer Rouge, Cambodia, 1975 - 1979 Types of Democracies Procedural democracy Direct democracy Representative democracy http://www.azredistricting.org American Democracy Procedural democracy based on geographic representation Equality in voting Individual freedom Equal protection of the law Majority rule and minority rights Voluntary consent to be governed Other Democracies Alternative voting systems Alternative government structures Alternative civil liberties Alternative public policies Republic Form of Government U.S. has a republican form of government Not simple majority rule Public input but institutional constraints What Should You Know?...
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L2b-governments-08bw-1 - Autocracy Oligarchy Totalitarian...

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