Political Parties - Political Parties Democratic Party...

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Political Parties Democratic Party Republican Party Overview • What are political parties? • Why parties? • Why two parties? • Three components of U.S. parties – Party organization – Party in the electorate (partisanship) – Party in government Political Parties • Definition - organized group seeking to elect its own candidates to political office • E.E. Schattschneider wrote “political parties created democracy and the modern democracy is unthinkable save in terms of parties.” • Political parties not in U.S. Constitution
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Why Parties • Long-term coalitions in government • Aid to voters • Aid to candidates U.S. Two Party System • Democrats, Republicans • independent -- NO PARTY • Reasons for 2 parties – Electoral system – Presidential system – Nature of public opinion – Continuity of existing system Major Reason U.S. Has Two Parties: Electoral System • United States • Most European democracies
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Proportional Representation Four-Member District • Percent of Vote • Number of Seats 1 1 2 49% 30% 21% Plurality Elections Four Single-Member Districts District 1 Vote Seats District 2 Vote Seats District 3 Vote Seats District 4 Vote Seats 16 56 28 52 21 27 52 24 24 52 24 24 Other Reasons for Two Parties – Presidential system – Nature of public opinion – Continuity of existing system Liberals Moderates Conservatives File = GSS Variable = 23) LIB./CON LIB./CONS. - Is respondent liberal, moderate or conservative? 2) MODERATE Freq.: 522 39.2% 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 LIBERAL MODERATE CONSERV.
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• Any party other than 2 major parties • Issue or ideological parties – Green, Libertarian Ralph Nader in 2000 Third Parties in America • Factional or personality party – Reform (Perot 1992- 96/Buchanan-2000), Bull Moose (T. Roosevelt, 1912)
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2010 for the course POL 201 taught by Professor Norrander during the Spring '07 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Political Parties - Political Parties Democratic Party...

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