Quiz 2 Terms - CLAS340bQuiz2Review Villanovans This is the...

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CLAS340b Quiz 2 Review
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Villanovans This is the general name for Iron Age inhabitants of central and northern Italy (approx 1000-700BCE). They are the forerunners of the Etruscan people. They lived in simple huts but were skilled metal workers. Originally a cremating culture, but contact with Hellenistic cultures introduced them to inhumation.
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Etruscans The Etruscans developed during the Archaic III period (around 675-600 BCE). By the 7 th century BCE, they were completely distinct from the Villanovans. Their territories were called Etruria, which was made up of 12 city states. Greatly influenced Roman culture. Between 615-509 BCE Rome was governed by Etruscan kings. Unique in that men and women were shown as equally powerful. Created bucchero pottery, which was black and smooth, as opposed to the Villanovan impasto ware, which was dull and rough.
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Iron Age The Iron Age is defined as the time period when the use of iron was becoming widespread for tools, weapons, etc. Dates for the Iron Age vary by geography. In Europe, the Iron Age could have started as early as 1200 BCE, but can also be thought of as the period between 1000-700 BCE.
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Hut Urn Hut Urns are clay containers that contain the ashes of the dead. They resemble Villanovan homes and have been found in Etruria and Rome.
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Herodotus Herodotus was a Greek historian from the 5 th century BCE. He speculated that the Etruscans descended from the Lydians (from the immigration of a group led by Tyrrhenus, the son of the Lydian king).
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Etruscan Language The Etruscan language was originally not written. When it was (starting around the 7 th century BCE), they used Greek and Phonecian characters. Their language used hissing sounds to connote negativity…Sssssssss….
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Tumuli Tumuli are large scale tombs created by the Etruscans (many are located at Cerveteri). The Tomb of Shields and Chairs is a good example of a tumulus serving not only as a burial chamber, but as a home for souls in the afterlife.
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Regolini-Galassi Tomb The Regolini Galassi Tomb from about the 7 th century BCE is another tumulus found at Cerveteri, and one of the largest early examples. It was filled with luxury items, such as
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2010 for the course CLAS 340b taught by Professor Sorin during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Quiz 2 Terms - CLAS340bQuiz2Review Villanovans This is the...

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