Quiz 3 Terms

Quiz 3 Terms - Quiz 3 Terms The Mute Stones Speak Chapter 4...

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Quiz 3 Terms The Mute Stones Speak Chapter 4 Decumanus and cardo – AD 1938 - Decumanus is an east-west street in the grid layout of Roman towns. - Cardo is a north-south street. - In 1938, Guido Calza excavated the decumanus and cardo around Ostia’s Imperial Forum. - The names are also used in the layout of the Roman castrums. Guido Calza - AD 1938 - An Italian Archaeologist. - In 1938 he excavated at Ostia. - He found a castrum there. - Imports from Sicily and Egypt went through Ostia, and Calza found warehouses there that would have stored the goods. Ostia – 4th Century BC - A Roman port city on the mouth of the Tiber River. - Guido Calza excavated Ostia in 1938. - There was a castrum there that dates to 4th Century BC. - By the 2nd century BC, Ostia had expanded greatly beyond the castrum. Cosa – 273 BC - A Latin colonia formed under Roman influence in southwestern Tuscany. - Built on the former Etruscan town of Vulci. - Etrusco-Italic temples were found on the arx there, including one modeled (and named) after the Capitolium in Rome. - It was excavated by Frank Brown in 1948. Frank Brown – AD 1948 - An American archaeologist. - He excavated Cosa in 1948. - He made a reconstruction of the Capitolium of Cosa. - Gave us a clear picture of the physical structure of Roman colonies. Capitolium – 273 BC - The temple at Cosa that was named after the Capitolium in Rome. - It was modeled after the Capitolium in the Etrusco-Italic style. - It was excavated and reconstructed by Frank Brown. - It was dedicated to the “Capitoline Triad” (Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva). Colonia – 273 BC (Cosa) - A Roman colony established in a conquered territory as a military outpost. - Examples would be Cosa (273 BC), and Ostia (4th Century BC). - They often had castrum. - Would be modeled after Roman towns with grid layouts and forums.
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Centuria – 3rd Century BC - A Roman unit of land equal to 100 heredia. One heredium is equal to 4 acres. - Colonists sent to colonia to till the soil were assigned centuriated allotments of land. - Roads, ditches, and hedges marked the grid layout of the centuriae.
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2010 for the course CLAS 340b taught by Professor Sorin during the Spring '08 term at Arizona.

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Quiz 3 Terms - Quiz 3 Terms The Mute Stones Speak Chapter 4...

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