Quiz 5 - Quiz 5 Terms Battle of Actium After Caesar was...

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Quiz 5 Terms
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Battle of Actium After Caesar was assassinated in 44 BCE, there was a long struggle for power. Octavian and Mark Antony had previously shared the rule of Rome as "triumvir". In 31 BCE, after a quarrel between the two, Mark Antony and Cleopatra sent out a naval fleet which was quickly destroyed by Octavian (the Battle of Actium), who emerged the
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Augustus Augustus is the title given to Octavian in 27 BCE. He connected himself as much as possible with Caesar and Apollo. In 23 BCE he took over complete power (signaling the end of the Republic) and gained the right to veto legislation. Reign: 27 BCE- 14 CE During his reign, the quarries are Carrara (in northwest Italy) were developed. This meant that Romans could use marble from Italy instead of imports from Greece. He supported building in and expansion of the Roman Empire.
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Forum of Augustus Built during the reign of Augustus and is somewhat similar to the forum of Julius Caesar, which Augustus also completed. Each side of the forum has a colonnade, and behind each is a semi-circular apse called an exedra. The focus of the forum was the Temple of Mars Ultor. The forum is symmetrical and emphasizes the axis passing through the Temple of Mars Ultor. At the center of each exedra was one of two mythical ancestors: Aeneas and Romulus.
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Temple of Mars Ultor Built in the late 1st century BCE, after the Battle of Philippi (42 BCE). Exterior is Carrara marble. It was located at the back of the forum. In the temple were statues dedicated to Mars, Venus, and Julius Caesar. The whole space was closed off at the back by a wall which blocked the view of a poor district. This wall later served as a barrier to the great fire of 64 CE.
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Tomb or Mausoleum of Augustus Built by Augustus ca. 25 BCE in the Campus Martius and meant to contain the ashes of his relatives. Constructed of tufa, concrete, and travertine. The round construction is a reminder of Etruscan tumuli. This publicly displayed his reverence for his
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Roman Theater Theater was an important Roman tradition, which until the time of Pompey, took place in temporary structures. Augustus built a semicircular stone theater just outside the limits of the city (Theater of Marcellus, late 1st century BCE). It was one of the first Roman buildings to mix different kinds of architectural elements. For example, Doric columns were used on the ground level while Ionic capitals were used above. Finally, Corinthian capitals
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Maison Carree Located in Nimes Late 1st century BCE. Built under Augustus in southern France. The inscription across the front dedicates the structure to Augustus' grandsons.
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Quiz 5 - Quiz 5 Terms Battle of Actium After Caesar was...

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