Quiz 6 - AD 80 Colosseum - AKA the Flavian Amphitheater...

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Colosseum AD 80 - AKA the Flavian Amphitheater built by Vespasian and Titus. - A Roman amphitheater that was built over Nero’s lake and gardens. - Naval battles (initially), executions, and gladiatorial combat took place there.
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Amphitheater vs. Theater Amphitheatre=Coliseum Goes all the way around Theatre=Theatre of Epidaurus Goes only half-way around
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Velarium Used in the colosseum Large covering to shield the audience from the elements
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Stadium Stadiums were used for public entertainment, for example the Stadium of Domitian from around 86 CE. It was the first permanent stadium in Rome, located in the Campus Martius. Used for athletic contests
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Arch of Titus AD 81 - Triumphal arch built by Domitian commemorates Titus’s victory in the Jewish War. - Two reliefs on the inside: Titus in a chariot and sacking of Jerusalem. - Used composite engaged columns. - At one point, it was incorporated into a medieval palace.
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Apotheosis An apotheosis is a scene that represents the deification of the emperor. This can be seen in the Arch of Titus (ca. 81 CE). The Apotheosis of Titus is depicted as a relief where Titus is ascending on the back of an eagle.
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The Jewish Wars and Jerusalem 66-70 CE Due to a revolt in Judea by the Jews against Roman rule. Titus emerged victorius His victory is commemorated in the Arch of Titus (ca. 81 CE) One relief portrays the sacking of the Temple in Jerusalem (70 CE). Soldiers can be seen carrying away a menorah, for example.
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Flavian Palace AD 92 - Palace built on Palatine Hill by Domitian. - Architect: Rabirius. - It used octagonal rooms with square and circular niches. - Had polished marble walls, which may have served as mirrors so he could see attackers.
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Cancelleria Reliefs 80-90 CE, marble. Imperial representations, originally part of a huge
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This note was uploaded on 01/17/2010 for the course CLAS 340b taught by Professor Sorin during the Spring '08 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

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Quiz 6 - AD 80 Colosseum - AKA the Flavian Amphitheater...

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