(16) We all took either the ACT and/or SAT and we all have had the same issue on at least one of the questions. “Is it A or C?” or “Am I sure this is the right answer, should I change it or not?” We’ve all experienced this sense of incompetence when we’re faced with an almost impossible answer. Most people would say stick to your gut. Many people argue that sticking to your gut leads to a higher score, meaning that we usually score better when we stick to our original guess than actually changing the answer. This is a myth. We all had someone tell us that sticking to our hunches was more beneficial than changing our answers or even contemplating it. This could be our parents, our friends, or even our teachers as the author of this book found out (where nearly 30% believed that sticking to our gut was more beneficial). Actual studies, on the other hand, found the complete opposite of what everyone tells us, there is actually a higher chance of you getting a higher score when changing your answers then when you don’t. And the author correctly points out that the studies done were correlational and we don’t know the minute details, yet the conclusions are sound even with tests like the SAT or GRE. Some reasons why we believe this stuff though, is word of mouth, second is when we remember what we got wrong more than what we got right, and third is that we tend to think we did better than we actually did. (17) Dyslexia (and other psychological conditions) has been joked about for years. We see it in popular movies as the book points out and in YA fiction like Percy Jackson where dyslexia means you can read greek. Many people believe that dyslexia is simply the idea that the ones who do have it see things backwards, and that’s the only thing that distinguishes “them” from “us”. But in reality, this isn’t the case. Dyslexia is a serious psychological condition that affects a person’s ability to understand the written language. But, despite popular belief, dyslexia isn’t in people who are mentally challenged. In fact more intelligent people experience dyslexia to compensate for their struggle with the written language. People still don’t know what causes dyslexia although there are some indications that it is genetic. Most importantly, writing backwards isn’t just associated with dyslexia as research found. It is common in all kids for them to write backwards. The kids without dyslexia “grow out of it”, but until there is no way to distinguish a kid with dyslexia and one without. I am so happy that sticking to your gut is a myth. I’ve always had issues with sticking to my gut because I'm a compulsive answer changer who will change his answer if I find even a slight miscalculation on my end. To be fair though, I did believe in this myth even though I didn’t partake in it. So many people said it that I went along with it without questioning the reasoning behind it or the research behind it. So to learn that it is false is relieving but shocking at the same time. If there is research done to disprove this theory, how come people still believe it? The most surprising thing though was the
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- Spring '20
- Dyslexia, Deferred gratification, Gratification