204_lecture_week_12_EModE - LIN204H1S English Grammar Week...

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LIN204H1S English Grammar Winter/spring 2009 Week 12 Early Modern English 1 Early Modern English (EModE) 1 1. Outer history English was becoming more and more established as the language in England, but Latin had great prestige as the language of international learning. Introduction of printing (late 15 th century) – spread of literacy The English Renaissance (late 15 th -16 th centuries) – the revival of interest in classical learning Under the influence of humanists, the grammar school syllabus from the early 16 th century onwards was centred on classical Latin. In the universities, Latin was used as the teaching language. Books were published in Latin (e.g., Novum Organum (1620) by Francis Bacon, Newton’s Principia (1689)). A flood of words were borrowed from Latin in Renaissance England (peak between about 1580 and 1660). These loanwords tended to be learned words. The borrowing was done through the medium of writing rather than through speech. English became strong in English Renaissance: Religious disputes in the Reformation (15th to 17 th centuries): English was used in public written discussions, so that they could be read by as large a public as possible – most people didn’t know Latin. Rise of nationalism (15 th -16 th centuries): Nation states in the modern sense arise in Europe and the feeling of nationality arises (a person is English, French, Italian, etc.). This made English a source of pride as the language of English people. Rise of interest in reading and learning in certain social and occupational groups: people like skilled craftsmen, instrument makers, explorers, navigators, soldiers, etc. knew little or no Latin but wanted to learn and read, and thus wanted books in English. Exploration and colonization (17 th -19 th centuries): loanwords from various languages Industrial Revolution (late 18th century): massive technical vocabulary based on Latin and Greek roots that is used in PDE as well. The U.S. independence (1776): First political separation of English speakers from their parent country and the beginning of Englishes around the world 1 Lecture notes are based on descriptions in: - Barber, Charles (1993). The English Language A Historical Introduction . Cambridge University Press. - Millward, C. M. (1996). A Biography of the English Language (2 nd ed.). Harcourt Brace
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LIN204H1S English Grammar Winter/spring 2009 Week 12 Early Modern English 2 2. EModE phonological changes There was a big pronunciation change in the 15 th and 16 th centuries. (Cf. There was a big change
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This note was uploaded on 01/19/2010 for the course LINGUISTIC LIN204 taught by Professor Mayami during the Winter '09 term at University of Toronto- Toronto.

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204_lecture_week_12_EModE - LIN204H1S English Grammar Week...

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